Quote by William of Ockham: “Entia non sunt multiplicanda praeter necessitatem.”
Rasoio di Occam (Novacula Occami)
I have read with great interest the paper by Tucker et al. Therefore, it is not surprising that Tucker et al. These authors, however, went a step further and concluded that this study provides evidence that neural activation of locomotor muscles is regulated by a subconscious intelligent system that, based on afferent feedback from thermoreceptors and the rate of heat storage, calculates the reduction in power output necessary to prevent excessive heat accumulation during exercise at high ambient temperature. This strong conclusion is reflected in the title which I found misleading after reading the entire paper. The findings of Tucker et al. However, they do not provide either direct or indirect evidence for the existence of such a subconscious regulatory system as the authors failed to rule out other possible explanations. For example, various sensations e.
Occam's or Ockham's razor is a principle attributed to the 14th century logician and Franciscan friar William of Ockham. Ockham was the village in the English county of Surrey where he was born. The principle states that " Entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily. In fact, only the first two of these forms appear in his surviving works and the third was written by a later scholar. William used the principle to justify many conclusions, including the statement that "God's existence cannot be deduced by reason alone. Many scientists have adopted or reinvented Occam's Razor, as in Leibniz's "identity of observables" and Isaac Newton stated the rule: " We are to admit no more causes of natural things than such as are both true and sufficient to explain their appearances. The most useful statement of the principle for scientists is " when you have two competing theories that make exactly the same predictions, the simpler one is the better.
Occam's razor also Ockham's razor or Ocham's razor : Latin : novacula Occami ; or law of parsimony : Latin : lex parsimoniae is the problem-solving principle that states "Entities should not be multiplied without necessity. It is sometimes misquoted in pop culture and other media by some form of the statement "The simplest solution is most likely the right one. Similarly, in science, Occam's razor is used as an abductive heuristic in the development of theoretical models rather than as a rigorous arbiter between candidate models.
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Occam's razor or Ockham's razor is a principle from philosophy. Suppose there exists two explanations for an occurrence. In this case the one that requires the least speculation is usually correct. Another way of saying it is that the more assumptions you have to make, the more unlikely an explanation. Occam's razor applies especially in the philosophy of science , but also more generally. William of Ockham , a Franciscan friar who studied logic in the 14th century , first made this principle well known.