Jonas Salk: A Life by Charlotte DeCroes JacobsWhen a waiting world learned on April 12, 1955, that Jonas Salk had successfully created a vaccine to prevent poliomyelitis, he became a hero overnight. Born in a New York tenement, humble in manner, Salk had all the makings of a twentieth-century icon--a knight in a white coat. In the wake of his achievement, he received a staggering number of awards and honors; for years his name ranked with Gandhi and Churchill on lists of the most revered people. And yet the one group whose adulation he craved--the scientific community--remained ominously silent. The worst tragedy that could have befallen me was my success, Salk later said. I knew right away that I was through--cast out.
In the first complete biography of Jonas Salk, Charlotte DeCroes Jacobs unravels Salks story to reveal an unconventional scientist and a misunderstood and vulnerable man. Despite his incredible success in developing the polio vaccine, Salk was ostracized by his fellow scientists, who accused him of failing to give proper credit to other researchers and scorned his taste for media attention. Even before success catapulted him into the limelight, Salk was an inscrutable man disliked by many of his peers. Driven by an intense desire to aid mankind, he was initially oblivious and eventually resigned to the personal cost--as well as the costs suffered by his family and friends. And yet Salk remained, in the eyes of the public, an adored hero.
Based on hundreds of personal interviews and unprecedented access to Salks sealed archives, Jacobs biography offers the most complete picture of this complicated figure. Salks story has never been fully told; until now, his role in preventing polio has overshadowed his part in co-developing the first influenza vaccine, his effort to meld the sciences and humanities in the magnificent Salk Institute, and his pioneering work on AIDS. A vivid and intimate portrait, this will become the standard work on the remarkable life of Jonas Salk.
Jonas Salk Facts
Oshinsky notes that polio inspired such fear because it struck without warning and researchers were unsure of how it spread from person to person. In the years following World War II, polls found the only thing Americans feared more than polio was nuclear war. A year after his nomination as a Democratic vice presidential candidate, rising political star Franklin D. Roosevelt contracted polio while vacationing at his summer home on Campobello Island in The disease left the legs of the year-old future president permanently paralyzed.
Jonas Edward Salk was an American medical researcher and virologist. He discovered and developed one of the first successful polio vaccines. Born in New York City, he attended New York University School of Medicine, later choosing to do medical research instead of becoming a practicing physician. Take a look below for 30 more interesting and awesome facts about Jonas Salk. In , after earning his medical degree, Salk began an internship as a physician scientist at Mount Sinai Hospital. Two years after his internship, he was granted a fellowship at the University of Michigan, where he would study fly viruses with his mentor Thomas Francis, Jr.
He discovered and developed one of the first successful polio vaccines. In , after earning his medical degree, Salk began an internship as a physician scientist at Mount Sinai Hospital. Until , when the Salk vaccine was introduced, polio was considered one of the most frightening public health problems in the world. In the postwar United States , annual epidemics were increasingly devastating. The U. Of nearly 58, cases reported that year, 3, people died and 21, were left with mild to disabling paralysis,  with most of its victims being children. The "public reaction was to a plague", said historian William L.
Murrow asked the scientist who owned the patent for his vaccine, reports Slate.
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1. Although polio was the most feared disease of the 20th century, it was hardly the deadliest.
Charlotte D., Fact 2 While studying at the New York University School of Medicine, he stood out from his class mates not just because of his academic expertise, but because he chose medical research in place of studying to be a practicing physician. Fact 3 The Salk vaccine was discovered in
Poliomyelitis, an infectious, potentially fatal disease that permanently paralyzed both children and adults, was once a serious problem in the United States. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was paralyzed due to polio, and almost 60, Americans were infected with polio in The disease inspired fear because there was no obvious way to prevent it, and it struck thousands of children. In , though, virologist Jonas Salk became a worldwide hero when he developed the first effective polio vaccine. Here are a dozen facts about Salk, the Father of Biophilosophy.
In at the University of Michigan School of Public Health, he became part of a group that was working to develop a vaccine against the flu. At Pittsburgh he began research on polio. On April 12, , the vaccine was released for use in the United States. He established the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in Salk died in Born in New York City on October 28, , Jonas Salk was one of the leading scientists of the twentieth century and the creator of the first polio vaccine.
Toggle navigation. He worked on an influenza vaccine and developed the first successful inactivated polio vaccine. The competition was stiff but most of those who made it through the rigorous courses would have the grades to enter City College of New York. Despite a shortage of first rate laboratories and libraries, during the 's and 's CCNY graduated eight future Nobel Prize winners and more PhD recipients than other university except the University of California, Berkeley. Salk entered New York University to study medicine because the tuition was low and most of the other medical schools had rigid quotas for Jews.